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Уроци по Английски
Английски език - първи стъпки. Част 19

Английски език за начинаещи - Част 19

 

HOW TO MAKE A TELEPHONE CALL

Как да проведем телефонен разговор

Понякога това се оказва непреодолимо препятствие, а всъщност е толкова лесно...

 

 

 

A: Good afternoon, \"Seamen Trading\", may I help you?

B: I would like to speak to Mr. Johnson.

A. Do you know his extension?

B. No, but he works in the Marketing Dept.

A: I\'m sorry, the line\'s busy, will you hold?

B: Yes, I\'ll hold.

A: I\'m putting you through.

C: Marketing, Tim Cross speaking.

B: Could I speak to Mr. Johnson, please?

C: I\'m sorry, he\'s in a meeting at the moment.

B: Do you know when he\'ll be back?

C: He should be back in an an hour. Would you like to leave a message?

B: Yes, please ask him to call Clara Still on 567 89 43.

C: You are welcome. I\'ll see he gets your message.

B: Thank you very much.

VOCABULARY

May I help you? - С какво мога да Ви помогна?

extension - вътрешен номер

the line is busy - линията е заета

to hold the line - оставам на линията

to put through - свързвам по телефона

Would you like to leave a message? - Искате ли да оставите съобщение?

I\'ll see he gets the message - ще се погрижа да получи съобщението.

 

А ето още няколко полезни фрази и примери:

A. Hello, is this Mrs. Prest? - Здравейте, Г-жа Прест?

B. This is she./Speaking. - На телефона.

 

 

A. Good morning.I would like to speak to Mrs. Great.

B. I am afraid she is not in the office right now.

A. I see. When do you expect her to be back?

B. She should be back at about 3 p.m.

A. Ok, I\'ll call her later then.

B. Yes, please do.

 

 

 

EXERCISES

 

Опитайте се да съставите подобни диалози за следните ситуации:

1. Calling Mr. Brown. Connected to his office. Talking to his secretary. Leaving a message for him.

 

2. Calling Mrs. Smith from the \"Sunlit Beaches\" Travel Agency. Arranging a meeting with her at 5 o\'clock in the afternoon.

 

3. Calling Ms.Tulip, a real estate agent. Asking about an apartment to rent. Setting an appointment to see the flat.

Past Continuous Tense - part 1

Минало продължително време - част 1

Past Continuous Tense изразява продължителни действия /а не кратки или еднократни/, извършени в определен минал момент. На български това време се превежда с минало несвършено:

 

I was watching the news at 8 o\'clock yesterday. -

Гледах новините в 8 часа вчера.

The boy was writing his homework. -

Момчето пишеше домашното си.

The girls were chatting in the living-room. -

Момичетата бъбреха във всекидневната.

 

 

Past Continuous Tense се образува с помощта на спомагателния глагол \"be\" в минало време и сегашното причастие на основния глагол:

 

I was working.

You were working.

He/She/It was working.

We were working.

They were working.

 

Две паралелни продължителни действия в миналото се свързват със съюза while - докато:

 

I was reading the paper while he was talking on the phone.

They were washing the clothes while we were cooking the dinner.

You were listening to the radio while she was telling the kids a fairy-tale.

 

Две паралелни действия, едно от които е продължително, а другото - кратко или еднократно, се изразяват съответно с Past Continuous Tense и Past Simple Tense и обикновено се свързват с относителното местоимение when - когато:

 

I was cleaning the house when the doorbell rang.

He was crossing the street when he heard a loud crash.

They were arranging the chairs when their boss came into the hall.

 

А сега да образуваме отрицателните и въпросителни форми:

 

The sun was shining.

The sun was not (wasn;t) shining.

 

The girls were laughing.

The girls were not (weren\'t) laughing.

 

 

Was the sun shining? - Yes, it was. No, it wasn\'t.

Were the girls laughing? - Yes, they were. No, they weren\'t.

 

 

What was shing?

When was the sun shining?

 

Who was laughing?

What were the girls doing?

Why were the girls laughing?

 

EXERCISES:

I. Превърнете изреченията в отрицатилни и след това задайте въпросите като дадете и кротките отговори:

 

example:

 

He was working in the office at 8 p.m. yesterday.

He wasn\'t working in the office at 8 p.m. yesterday.

Was he working in the office at 8 p.m. yesterday?

 

1. The baby was crying in the kitchen.

2. The children were playing in the yard.

3. The people were drinking champagne.

4. The birds were singing.

5. He was taking photos of all the guests.

 

II. Свържете изреченията с while или when:

 

1. They were looking for the lost keys. He was talking to the neighbors.

2. He was writing his presentation on the computer. The computer crashed.

3. He came into the room. His friends were discussing the football match.

4. She was getting ready for her date. The telephone rang.

5. They were sorting the letters. The clients arrived.

6. He was surfing the net. She was listening to some music.

7. He paid the bill. They were putting on their coats.

Past Continuous Tense - part 3

Минало продължително време - част 3

I.Минало продължително време се използва при предаване на пряка реч, когато в изречението в кавички е използвано сегашно продължително време::

 

Example:

\"I am trying to call my mother,\" he said.

He said that he was trying to call his mother.

 

\"The girl is playing in the garden,\" said the teacher.

The teacher said that the girl was playing in the garden.

 

Опитайте и вие:

 

1. \"He is staying at Hotel Crown,\" the secretary reported.

2. \"They are having an English class,\" said the headmaster.

3. \"We are watching the news,\" he said Peter when we talked on the phone.

4. \"You are working very hard,\" the client said admiringly.

5. \"He is spending too much money,\" Mona shouted.

Vocabulary

1. to report - съобщавам, информирам

2. headmaster - директор на училище

3. admiringly - с възхищение

4. to shout - крещя

 

 

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