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Уроци по Английски
Английски език - първи стъпки. Част 20

Английски език за начинаещи - Част 20


Задайте въпроси към липсващата част на изречението:

 

Example:

She was standing on the ..... when it started raining.

Where was she standing?.

 

1. Harry was driving the ........ when his mobile phone rang.

2. We were looking for a .......... computer.

3. They were having ........ at 13.00 yesterday.

4. She was giving a lecture at the ........ .

5. They were talking ......... outside the house.

 

II. Открийте грешките в изречението:

 

Example:

She arranged the flowers when I stopped by to visit her.

She was arranging the flowers when I stopped by to visit her.

 

1. He was reading the advertisment to his colleagues and asked their opinion.

2. When I entered the hall they discussed the report of the Sales Manager.

3. While we were trying to fix the radio Peter talked on the phone.

4. I fed the dog when it bit me.

5. While we were having a picnic, it was starting to rain.

 

Passive Voice - Present Simple Tense

Сегашно просто време - страдателен залог

Страдателният залог в английския език се образува от съответното време на спомагателния глагол be и миналото причастие /Past Participle/ на основния глагол. Ето защо \"граматическата формула\" на страдателния залог в сегашно просто време е най-общо:

be done

 

He is a journalist. He writes articles.

These articles are written by him.

При страдателния залог допълнението в изречението се изразява като обект на извършваното действие, а самият извършител може да се зададе с предлога \"by\":

John always returns the books in the library.

The books are returned to the library by John.

А сега да опитаме да превърнем деятелния залог в страдателен на практика:

Helena

 

Helena is the secretary of Mr. Jones from the \"Stevens & Garner\". Mr. Jones asks her to come to the office at 8 a.m. sharp. She types all his letters and reports. Helena also sends all the faxes and e-mails. Mr. Jones sends Helena to the Manager\'s Office when it is necessary. \"Stevens & Garner\" pay Helena a good salary.

 

Helena is asked to come to the office at 8 a.m. sharp.

All the letters and reports are typed by her.

All the faxes and e-mails are sent by her as well.

Helena is sent to the Manager\'s Office when it is necessary.

She is paid a good salary by \"Stevens & Garner\".

Опитайте и вие:

 

1. This hotel serves breakfast from 7 to 9 a.m.

2. They organize their meetings on Friday.

3. The television sends a crew to cover every important event.

4. The girl takes the dog out for a walk in the evening.

5. Tom repairs all the electrical appliances in the house.

VOCABULARY

1. crew - екип, екипаж

2. to cover - отразявам, покривам

3. to rapair - поправям, ремонтирам

4. appliance - уред

Passive Voice - Past Simple Tense

Минало просто време - страдателен залог

Както разбрахме от миналия урок, страдателният залог в английския език се образува от съответното време на спомагателния глагол be и миналото причастие /Past Participle/ на основния глагол. В минало просто време формата е практически аналогична, но вместо сегашно време на спомагателния глагол \"be\" се употребява миналата му форма - \"was/were\":

was/ were done

 

He wrote the letter.

The letter was written by him.

И тук извършителят на действието се задава с предлога \"by\":

The two brothers built the family house on their own.

The family house was built by the two brothers.

А сега малко практика:

The Marketing director of the company paid the bill at the business dinner with the clients.

The bill at the business dinner with the clients was paid by the Marketing director.

Was the bill paid by the Marketing director? - Yes, it was./ No, it wasn\'t.

Who was the bill paid by? - The marketing Director.

 

The students asked the professor several questions.

The professor was asked several questions by his students.

Was the professor asked several questions by his students? - Yes, he was.

Who was asked several questions? - The professor.

Who was the professor asked several questions by? - The students.

 

The police arrested the two escaped prisoners at the train station.

The two escaped prisoners were arrested by the police at the train station.

Were the two escaped prisoners arrested by the police at the train station?

Yes, they were.

Who was arrested by the police at the train station? - The two escaped prisoners.

Who were the two escaped prisoners arrested by? - By the police.

Where were the two escaped prisoners arrested? - At the train station.

 

 

І. Опитайте и вие да превърнете деятелния в страдателен залог:

 

1. The boss gave his secretary instructions on how to write the letters.

2. The tornado destroyed the seaside resort.

3. Stiphen King wrote that book in 1998.

4. \"Columbia Pictures\" produced 45 films last year.

5. The police officers questioned the suspect.

 

 

ІІ. Задайте въпроси към изреченията:

 

1. The concert was organized on Sunday night by the charity committee.

2. The parents met their son at the airport.

3. He was surprised by the sudden knock on the door.

4. A note was left on his desk in the morning.

5. The report was distributed among the participants by the assistant

HAVE\" Passive

 

В английския език съществува конструкция със специфична функция - тя се използва, когато един човек не извършва дадена дейност, но е носител на последствията от нея. Звучи малко объркващо, нали? Не е. След като сме били на фризьор, ние казваме: \"Подстригах си косата\", макар че някой друг е извършил това действие вместо нас. В английския нещата звучат по-коректно. Затова се използва т.нар. \"Have Passive\".

 

I cut my hair. - Аз си подстригах косата.

I had my hair cut. - Косата ми бе подстригана /от някой друг/.

 

Най-общо формата е:

to have something done

 

 

 

Така че, когато отидете на фризьор:

 

You have your hair shampooed.

You have your hair cut.

You have your hair styled.

You have your hair dyed.

You finally have your hair blow-dried.

 

Да опитаме отново:

 

What services can you use at a post office?

 

You can have your letters posted.

You can have your mail delivered.

You can have your parcels sent to the exact destination.

 

Ясно е нали? Вие ползвате услугата, но действията се извършват от някой друг.

 

І. Преобразувайте като използвате конструкцията \"to have sth. done\":

 

1. The dentist took out my tooth.

2. Donatella Versace designed my wedding dress.

3. The hotel administration made sure I had clean towels in the bath every day.

4. The maid served him breakfast in bed.

5. The mechanic checked her car at the garage.

6. The expert upgraded my computer.

 

 

Пълен списък с целите уроци, можете да изтеглите от секцията Уроци по английски език на сайта.

 
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